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How will Blockchain Technology Change Healthcare and Medicine?By CIOAdvisor Apac | Friday, October 11, 2019
The incorporation of blockchain technology in the healthcare sector will not only introduce greater autonomy in healthcare data management but will also facilitate secure information exchange.
FREMONT, CA: Blockchain technology is steadily establishing its presence in the medicine and healthcare sector. Its applications are revolutionizing data management, financial services, cybersecurity, IoT, and food science. The nascent technology is set to eliminate the inefficiencies in the healthcare system. The cryptography facilitated by blockchain can be used to establish trust.
Several startups are leveraging the demand to invest in blockchain technology and address the challenges in the healthcare sector. The most prominent use cases are in securing the medical records and facilitating the safe exchange of health data across the landscape. It is reforming the conventional approaches by implementing reliability, safety, and security. Further innovation in the blockchain sector can lead to the development of personalized, authentic, and secure healthcare by merging real-time clinical data, storing it on a secure platform, and presenting it in a convenient manner.
The medicine and healthcare sector is turning toward blockchain technology for the safe and secure transmission of health and biomedical data, e-health data, and so on. It is similar to a P2P integrate multi-field network bolstered by cryptography, algorithms, and mathematical expressions and offers decentralization, transparency, immutability, autonomy, open-source, and anonymity.
A vast amount of data is generated in the healthcare sector. The information is stored in data centers or cloud storage systems, where it is regularly accessed or disseminated. However, the sensitive nature of the data introduces significant challenges to the process, including security and privacy. Effective decision making requires safe, secure, and scalable data-sharing in healthcare and clinical settings.
An efficient data management platform is crucial for practitioners to exchange clinical data for follow-ups. The integration of blockchain technology will enable the clinicians to securely transfer the sensitive data in a timely manner. Even in fields such as telemedicine and e-health, where the clinical data is transferred remotely to a specialist using clinical monitoring systems, blockchain can play a significant role.
Practitioners can utilize blockchain technology to exchange data in a safe, secure, and scalable manner during clinical communications for gathering recommendations and confirmations from clinical specialists. It can also facilitate a reliable exchange of clinical research data between healthcare organizations and research institutions.
Multiple constraints hinder the smooth transfer of clinical information, including the nature of the data, sensitivity, procedures, sharing agreements, complex patient matching algorithms, ethical policies, and governing rules. Also, the last decade has witnessed the incorporation of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), computer vision, and so on to assist doctors and clinical practitioners.
Blockchain technology offers a decentralized database system with open access control to everyone connected to the network. The data in the decentralized database can be accessed, monitored, stored, and updated on multiple systems. It also offers transparency for the users. The immutable records in the blockchain database are permanently reserved, and cannot be changed without the consent of over 51 percent of the nodes.
It is entirely autonomous, and each of the nodes in the network can access, transfer, store, and update the data. The system is formed in such a way that it offers open-source access, enabling auditing and compliance. Also, the data transfer between different nodes in the network is autonomous, making it more safe, secure, and reliable.
Further innovation in blockchain will potentially lead to personalized, reliable, and secure healthcare. It will promote seamless management of electronic health records. The utilization of smart contracts can change the exchange of sensitive information, bolstering it with enhanced security and immutability. Also, the convergence of clinical systems through blockchain will eliminate the creation of duplicate records, thus facilitating verified medical and healthcare records for the practitioners.
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